Children''s Placer Center for Health, the term “heartburn” was coined to describe the sensation of acid burning the esophagus, which lies just behind the heart.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also call acid reflux, is the most common adult chronic disease in the United States.
“The esophagus, or food pipe, is the tube stretching from your throat to your stomach,” Mohammadian says. “Food you swallow travels down the esophagus into the stomach, which produces hydrochloric acid to aid in the digestion of food. The inner lining of the stomach resists corrosion by this acid because cells that line the stomach secrete a protective mucus. The lining of your esophagus does not share these resistant features, leaving it vulnerable to stomach-acid damage.”
Normally, a muscle at the bottom of your esophagus, called the lower esophageal sphincter, prevents reflux (or backing up) of acid, the UC Davis primary care physician explains. This sphincter relaxes during swallowing to allow food to pass; it then tightens to prevent flow in the opposite direction.
With GERD, however, the sphincter relaxes between swallows, allowing stomach contents and corrosive acid to well up and damage the lining of the esophagus. It occurs to some degree in all healthy persons without causing significant esophageal damage. About 10 percent of the adult population develops daily symptoms of heartburn and nearly half go on to develop tissue injury, which causes painful swallowing and bleeding, Mohammadian says.
When to see your doctor
Heartburn Remedies How To Get Rid (🔥 Without Medication) | Heartburn Remedies Natural Heartburn Remedieshow to Heartburn Remedies for “If you are taking antacids more than four times a week to control symptoms, it''s esophagus, which is a predisposing condition of cancer of the esophagus. Another diagnostic tool, a probe, may be used to test of the stomach's acid pH.
Only in rare cases is surgery necessary. Today, gastroesophageal surgeons are able to perform a fundoplication laparoscopically. During the operation, surgeons wrap part of the stomach around the esophagus, re-establishing a muscular barrier to prevent reflux. The entire operation is performed through tiny incisions made in the abdominal wall.